Childrens Podiatry | Cerebral Palsy and the feet
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Cerebral Palsy and the feet

Cerebral Palsy and the  feet

CP occurs due to an impaired muscle coordination known as spastic paralysis and other disabilities, which have caused damage to the brain before or at birth.

Spasticity is a form of hypertonia that occurs as a result of increased muscle tone. It is this condition, which results in muscle stiffness hence making movements difficult.

Overtime spasticity may lead to affecting ones ability to

  • Stand up straight
  • Sit upright
  • Move from one position to another
  • Walk and run
  • Changes to soft tissue
  • Difficulty stretching out to keep up with the growing bones
    • Muscle being shorter then what it should be
    • Preventing the joints from reaching their full range of motion
  • Muscles which are shortened pull on bone leading to bone deformities such as scoliosis or the spine and hip dislocation
  • Pain due to overactivity of the spastic muscles

CP affects the lower limb (legs) in numerous ways:

  • Flexion of the hip causing the body to lean forward when standing and walking
  • Adduction of the thighs
  • Flexion at the knees
  • Equinovarus foot posture
    • Toe walking
    • Calf muscle tightness