31 Jan 2018 What Are The Most Common Foot Problems Seen In Children?
Your feet are complex structures that are made up of 26 bones and 35 joints which are held together by muscles and ligaments to enable you to undertake activities such as running and walking. It has been found that children will begin to walk from the age of eight months upwards.
When your child begins to walk, it is important to make sure that they are wearing appropriate footwear to reduce the chances of foot complications occurring in later years. Some of the most common foot conditions that are seen within children starting from as young as birth up until their teenage years can include:
Ingrown Toenails- Occur as a result of the nail curving downwards and growing into the sides of the skin. Over time the nail will irritate the skin causing it to appear reddened, painful, swollen and have warmth present. It is important to get your ingrown toenails treated by a podiatrist to avoid infection occurring. Children as young as a newborn may develop ingrown toenails.
Warts- Occur due to the HPV virus from using public showers and swimming pools. There are 3 different types of warts including the common wart which has a cauliflower appearance, flat warts that are the same colour as the skin but slightly raised and plantar warts that grow inwards due to the pressure from walking.
Flat Feet- Occurs as a result of the medial arch (inside) of your foot not developing resulting in the entire sole of the foot touching the ground. Usually children who have flat feet also have parents with flat feet as well. Children will often complain of pain in their arches, be clumsy and trip and will often like to be carried or in a pram instead of walking.
Severs- Calcaneal Apophysitis- Occurs as a result of the growth plate being injured due to repeated pressure. During this time our bones grow quicker than the muscles and tendons causing them to become tight which can result in pain experienced within the heels.
Toe Walking- Occurs when your child starts walking on their tip toes, usually idiopathic. Often these children have the inability for the heels to make contact with the ground. In some cases, toe walking can be a sign of other un-diagnosed conditions.
Intoeing- also known as pigeon toed, is a condition that results in your child’s feet turning inwards when walking instead of the toes and feet pointing straight ahead. There are 3 different types of reasons that intoeing may occur including metatarsus adductus, internal tibial rotation and femoral anteversion.
If you think that your child might be experiencing one of these conditions book in today to see one of our friendly podiatrists today for an assessment.
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