Childrens Podiatry | How to Tell If Your Feet Are Flat or Roll Inwards?
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How to Tell If Your Feet Are Flat or Roll Inwards?

24 Nov 2016 How to Tell If Your Feet Are Flat or Roll Inwards?


The terms Flat Feet and Rolling Inwards, also known as over-pronation, are terms that health professionals use on a regular basis. Although more often than not, we don’t appear to understand the true meaning of these very similar terms.

So what really is the difference between flat feet and over-pronation?

It has been found that flat feet and over-pronation can occur in conjunction with each other, even though they are still considered to be different. When observing a child with flat feet, you may notice the position of their arches will touch the ground.  In order to determine if flat feet are present the child must be standing in a non-moving position.

While testing flat feet occurs during the non- moving position, over-pronation can be observed during the gait cycle, this is commonly referred to as an individual’s walking pattern. Over-pronation refers to the movement that occurs at the foot while walking, in which the inside of your foot rolls inwards or the arch of the foot lowers towards the ground. Pronation occurs naturally when walking to allow for shock absorption in the foot, however when these movements become excessive over-pronation occurs.


Common symptoms that may be experienced with both flat feet and over-pronation include the following:

  • Ankles rolling inwards
  • Foot pain within both the arches and the heels
  • Difficultly standing on the tips of your toes
  • Swelling present around the outside of your ankles
  • Pain present within the calves, knee, hip and lower leg
  • Shin splints
  • The absence of an arch while standing

You may be at risk of developing flat feet due to:

  • Another family member with flat feet (genetics)
  • Injury
  • Weak arches
  • Arthritis
  • Wear and tear
  • Development of Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy
  • Weakness and tightness of muscles within the foot and lower leg

If you or your child has been experiencing any of these symptoms come in and see one of our friendly podiatrists at Children’s Podiatry today. You can call and make an appointment on 8645 9845 or alternatively you can book online here.